In child custody cases, it is not uncommon for one parent to be awarded visitation rights, while the other has full custody of the child. Traditionally, the parent who is awarded visitation rights meets with the child in person, but a new form of visitation has emerged that doesn't require these in-person meetings to occur. Virtual visitation, also known as electronic visitation or Internet visitation, has made it possible for parents to keep in touch with their child in situations where an in-person meeting isn't possible.
Virtual visitation is used when one parent, the custodial parent, is looking to relocate with the child. With the child moving away, the non-custodial parent will find themselves with limited parenting time, so they won't see their child as much. With this being the case, instead of meeting with them in person, they use email, instant messaging and video conferencing to stay in touch with their child.